The Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) is widely used to assess reading proficiency in developing countries. Benchmarks were introduced to simplify EGRA results into a single indicator against which countries could measure their children’s reading progress. This report is about the process, rational and considerations for setting benchmarks (a desired level of performance on a reading task) and targets (the percent of students intended to reach the performance level). The report addresses three purposes of benchmarking:
1. Country purpose: Track progress in reading within a national education system and provide data to inform efforts to improve education quality.
2. Agency purpose: Help USAID monitor the progress of projects and countries working to reach specific children-reading goals.
3. The global purpose: Measure progress in reading for all; provide a basis for global advocacy; and provide