The Ministry of Education (MoE) of Morocco took a bold step when, in 2001–2002, it decided to open up the process of textbook development to the principle of competition among publishers. The vision was that publishers would submit their textbooks for approval by the MoE, and the best of the approved textbooks would be selected by each user. As a result of this policy, the Moroccan textbook sector has grown and today provides textbooks on time and in generally adequate quantities for each school year. However, the MoE still has work to do toward implementing the intended policy, in terms of competition among publishers and school-based textbook choices, and therefore in terms of seeing qualitative improvements in the approved textbooks. This is Part 1 of four-part study that did a comprehensive evaluation of the public textbook procurement system in Morocco. It offers recommendations on how to improve textbook quality, how to strengthen the procurement system --including budgeting and financing--, and developing a policy for digital textbooks.